Called “the world’s reigning male chorus” by the New Yorker, the San Francisco based Grammy® award-winning ensemble Chanticleer celebrates its 39th season in 2016-17, performing 52 concerts in 24 of the United States, 27 in the San Francisco Bay Area, and 15 in Ireland, Germany, Austria, France, Czech Republic, Hungary and Russia. Praised by the San Francisco Chronicle for their “tonal luxuriance and crisply etched clarity,” Chanticleer is known around the world as “an orchestra of voices” for the seamless blend of its twelve male voices ranging from soprano to bass and its original interpretations of vocal literature, from Renaissance to jazz and popular genres, as well as contemporary composition.
Chanticleer’s 2016-17 Bay Area Season is the second under the direction of Music Director William Fred Scott, and opened in September with My Secret Heart featuring a world premiere by Jaakko Mäntyjärvi, music by Palestrina, Guerrero, L’Heritier, de Monte, Glinka, Taneyev, Rachmaninoff, Augusta Read Thomas and others. John Musto, Evan Price, and Adam Ward contribute new arrangements of popular songs. Chanticleer’s popular A Chanticleer Christmas will be heard in New York, Chicago, and New Jersey before coming home for 14 performances in the Bay Area and Southern California. A Chanticleer Christmas is broadcast annually on over 300 affiliated public radio stations nationwide. The Bay Area season in March reunites Chanticleer with Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg and the New Century Chamber Orchestra in Americans in Paris; a sequel to their much-admired first collaboration Atlantic Crossing in 2014. The Bay Area season concludes with Psalm; a reflective collection of sacred works featuring Pulitzer Prize winner John Harbison’s first composition for the group.
With the help of individual contributions, government, foundation and corporate support, Chanticleer’s education programs engage over 5,000 young people annually. The Louis A. Botto (LAB) Choir—an after-school honors program for high school and college students—is now in its seventh year, adding to the ongoing program of in-school clinics and workshops; Youth Choral Festivals™ in the Bay Area and around the country; Skills/LAB–an intensive summer workshop for 100 high school students; master classes for university students nationwide; and the Chanticleer in Sonoma summer workshop for adult choral singers in June 2016. The Singing Life—a documentary about Chanticleer’s work with young people—was released in 2008. Chanticleer’s education program was recognized with the 2010 Chorus America Education Outreach Award.
Since Chanticleer began releasing recordings in 1981, the group has sold well over a million albums and won two Grammy® awards. Chanticleer’s recordings are distributed by Chanticleer Records, Naxos, ArkivMusic, Amazon, and iTunes among others, and are available on Chanticleer’s website: www.chanticleer.org. Chanticleer will release a live recording of My Secret Heart on its Chanticleer Live in Concert (CLIC) series.
In 2014 Chorus America conferred the inaugural Brazeal Wayne Dennard Award on Chanticleer’s Music Director Emeritus Joseph H. Jennings to acknowledge his contribution to the African-American choral tradition during his 25-year (1983-2009) tenure as a singer and music director with Chanticleer. The hundred plus arrangements of African-American gospel, spirituals and jazz made by Jennings for Chanticleer have been given thousands of performances worldwide—live and on broadcast—and have been recorded by Chanticleer for Warner Classics and Chanticleer Records.
Chanticleer’s long-standing commitment to commissioning and performing new works was honored in 2008 by the inaugural Dale Warland/Chorus America Commissioning Award and the ASCAP/Chorus America Award for Adventurous Programming. Among the over eighty composers commissioned in Chanticleer’s history are Mark Adamo, Mason Bates, Régis Campo, Chen Yi, David Conte, Shawn Crouch, Douglas J. Cuomo, Brent Michael Davids, Anthony Davis, Gabriela Lena Frank, Guido López-Gavilán, Stacy Garrop, William Hawley, John Harbison, Jake Heggie, Jackson Hill, Kamran Ince, Jeeyoung Kim, Tania León, Jaakko Mäntyjärvi, Michael McGlynn, Peter Michaelides, John Musto, Tarik O’Regan, Roxanna Panufnik, Stephen Paulus, Shulamit Ran, Bernard Rands, Steven Sametz, Carlos Sanchez-Guttierez, Jan Sandström, Paul Schoenfield, Steven Stucky, John Tavener, Augusta Read Thomas and Janike Vandervelde.
Named for the “clear-singing” rooster in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Chanticleer was founded in 1978 by tenor Louis A. Botto, who sang in the Ensemble until 1989 and served as Artistic Director until his death in 1997. Chanticleer was named Ensemble of the Year by Musical America in 2008, and inducted in the American Classical Music Hall of Fame the same year. William Fred Scott begins his tenure as Chanticleer’s fifth Music Director in 2015. A native of Georgia, Scott is the former Assistant Conductor to Robert Shaw at the Atlanta Symphony, former Artistic Director of the Atlanta Opera, an organist and choir director.
Chanticleer—a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation—is the recipient of major grants from the Amphion Foundation, the Ann and Gordon Getty Foundation, The William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, The Dunard Fund/USA, The Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation through USArtists International in partnership with the National Endowment for the Arts and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, The Bernard Osher Foundation, the Osher Pro Suecia Foundation, The Bob Ross Foundation, Grants for the Arts/San Francisco Hotel Tax Fund, and The National Endowment for the Arts. Chanticleer’s activities as a not-for-profit corporation are supported by its administrative staff and Board of Trustees.
Joshua Habermann, is in his eighth season as Music Director of the Santa Fe Desert Chorale. Since joining the ensemble he has broadened its repertoire to include not only a cappella literature but also choral-orchestral masterworks, and unique concert experiences that combine music, poetry and the spoken word. In 2015 the Desert Chorale was a featured performer at the national convention of the American Choral Director’s Association (ACDA) in Dancing the Mystery, a program featuring the poetry of Sufi masters Rumi and Hafiz.
Habermann has led honor choirs and choral festivals in North and Latin America, Europe and Asia. As a singer (tenor) he has performed with the Oregon Bach Festival Chorus (Eugene, Oregon), and Conspirare (Austin, Texas). Recording credits include three projects with Conspirare: Through the Green Fuse, Requiem, a Grammy nominee for best choral recording in 2006, and Threshold of Night, a Grammy nominee for best choral recording and best classical album in 2009.
In 2011, Joshua Habermann was named director of the Dallas Symphony Chorus, the official vocal ensemble of the Dallas Symphony Orchestra, where he prepares the 185-voice chorus for classical and pops series concerts. Highlights with the DSO include performances of Bach’s St. Matthew Passion, Verdi’s Requiem, Berlioz’ Te Deum, and Britten’s War Requiem, which was performed for the ACDA national convention in 2013.
From 1996-2008 Habermann was assistant conductor of the San Francisco Symphony Chorus, and professor of music at San Francisco State University, where under his direction the SFSU Chamber Singers received international engagements in Havana, Cuba, and undertook concert tours in Germany and the Czech Republic, and China. National invitations include the Waging Peace Festival in Eugene, Oregon, multiple appearances at the California Music Educators Convention, and an appearance at the American Choral Directors’ Association regional convention in 2008.
From 2008-2011 Habermann was Director of Choral Studies at the University of Miami Frost School of Music, where he led the graduate program in conducting, and directed the Frost Chorale. Notable projects in Miami included an appearance at the Florida ACDA convention, and collaborations with the New World Symphony and conductor Michael Tilson Thomas in music of Ives, Schubert and Beethoven. During this same period Habermann led the Masterchorale of South Florida in performances of masterworks such as Mendelssohn’s Elijah, Haydn’s Creation, and Mozart’s Requiem.
A native of California, Joshua Habermann is a graduate of Georgetown University and the University of Texas at Austin, where he completed doctoral studies in conducting with Craig Hella Johnson. He lives in Dallas with his wife Joanna, daughter Kira and son Kai.
University of Michigan Men’s Glee Club
Founded in 1859, The University of Michigan Men’s Glee Club is one of the oldest collegiate choruses in the United States and long acclaimed as one of the finest male choruses in the world. The Glee Club is known for its wide repertoire of music that incorporates selections from different musical styles and periods including Renaissance motets, Romantic anthems, opera choruses, folksongs, spirituals, contemporary works, and, of course, Michigan songs. Since the beginning of Dr. Rogers’ tenure in 2011, the club has premiered over twenty new arrangements and compositions.
In 1959, Michigan Men’s Glee Club was the first American male chorus to win the International Musical Eisteddfod in Llangollen, Wales, (and has since won three more first prizes at the same competition), and in 1967, circled the globe in celebration of the University’s sesquicentennial year. Recent international tours have included Southeast Asia (1989), Eastern and Central Europe (1992), South America (1996), Australia (2000), the British Isles (2004), Spain (2008), Cuba (2011), China (2012), and South Africa (2016). The Club has made appearances at Avery Fisher and Alice Tully Halls at Lincoln Center in New York, the Kennedy Center in Washington DC, and the pre-game festivities for the 1984 World Series. Other notable appearances include the 1986 and the 2004 IMC National Seminar at Harvard University, the American Choral Directors Association Central Division Conventions in 1992, 2000, 2010, and the ACDA National Convention in San Diego in 1997. The Club was also honored to be featured on Mannheim Steamroller’s double platinum CD Christmas Extraordinaire in 2001. Recently, they gave two performances at the esteemed National American Choral Directors Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah (2015) and appeared at the Intercollegiate Men’s Choruses National Seminar at the University of Illinois (2016).
In 2016, the Michigan Men’s Glee Club recorded and premiered their documentary film, “Love, Life & Loss.” This film documents the Club’s performance of “Seven Last Words of the Unarmed,” a multi-movement work by Joel Thompson commemorating the lives of African-American men lost at the hands of authority figures, and John Legend’s “Glory” from the motion picture, Selma. The film was featured in a broadcast on Detroit Public Television, and has been submitted to film festivals for future screenings.
The scope of the Men’s Glee Club reaches far beyond rehearsals and performances; the Club is a vibrant social organization with a national outreach program to diverse communities called “Brothers in Song.” Partnering with such organizations as Detroit School of Arts, Chicago Children’s Choir, Duke Ellington School of the Arts and others. In addition, the group frequently collaborates with Glee Clubs around the nation such as Michigan State, Cornell, Ohio State, Notre Dame, Rutgers, Miami of Ohio, Harvard, and Yale Glee Clubs. The graduate and undergraduate members of the Glee Club represent many diverse fields of study in the majority of the University’s 19 schools and colleges, and its student officers are responsible for the management of all non-musical Glee Club operations. The Friars, an eight-member a cappella subset of the Glee Club, are in their 61st year and serve as an extension of Club as they maintain an ambitious performing schedule.
Dr. Eugene Rogers
Director – University of Michigan Men’s Glee Club
Associate Director of Choirs – University of Michigan
Recognized as a leading conductor, pedagogue, and lecturer, Eugene Rogers has appeared throughout the United States as well as in Africa, Canada, China, Singapore, England, Portugal, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Mexico, Spain, and Italy. Recently, Rogers conducted the University of Michigan Men’s Glee Club in Salt Lake City, Utah at the National Convention of the American Choral Directors Association (ACDA). In December 2014, the Naxos recording of Milhaud’s monumental L’Orestie d’Eschyle, on which Rogers served as a chorus master, was nominated for a 2015 GRAMMY® Award (“Best Opera Recording”).
Rogers is currently associate director of choirs at U-M where he teaches undergraduate conducting, conducts the Men’s Glee Club and the University Choir, and is the faculty director of the MPulse Vocal Arts Institute, a national high school summer program. His past appointments include Macalester College (St. Paul, Minnesota), the Boys Choir of Harlem, Waubonsie Valley High School (Aurora, Illinois), and Anima Young Singers of Greater Chicago (formerly the Glen Ellyn Children’s Choir). In 2013, Rogers co-managed the production of the joint CD Ye Shall Have a Song with the Michigan, Yale, and Harvard Glee Clubs, a collaboration celebrating America’s three oldest collegiate choirs.
Notable guest appearances include the Ministry Branch of Education Inaugural World Youth Choir Festival (Singapore); the Lisbon Summerfest Chamber Choir and Festival Chorus; VocalEssence and the Minnesota Public Radio Harmony in the Park; the Association for Music in International Schools (AMIS) High School Mixed Honor Choir (Luxembourg), the British Columbia Music Education Association Honor Choir; the NAfME All-Northwest High School Mixed Choir; Westminster Chamber Choir (Florence, Italy, and Princeton, New Jersey); Choral Music Experience (London, England); the Interscholastic Association of Southeast Asia High Schools Biennial Music Festival (Singapore); the Colorado All-State Choir; the Oregon All-State Mixed Choir, the Tlaxcala Mexico Second International Festival of Chamber Choirs; Choirs of America Festival (New York); the Oklahoma State University Choral Festival (Stillwater, Oklahoma); the Florida ACDA High School Mixed Honor Choir; the OAKE (Organization of American Kodály Educators) National Youth Honor Choir; the Alabama Middle School All-State Choir; Chorus America San Francisco Conference; the Illinois ACDA Summer Conference; the ACDA North Central Division Middle School Honor Choir; and the Vocalizze Youth Program in Lisbon. 2016-17 appearances include guest- conducting and conference presentations in British Columbia, China, Madrid, Portugal, Singapore, California, Georgia, Minnesota, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Michigan.
In 2015, Mark Foster Publishing began the Eugene Rogers Choral Series, a series featuring emerging composers who specialize in contemporary classical and folk music traditions. In 2011, Rogers traveled to and studied the choral traditions of East Africa (Tanzania) and subsequently published editions of Tanzanian choral music under the Hal Leonard World Music Series. As a singer, Rogers has performed with the World Youth Choir, the Portland Symphonic Choir, the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra Chorale, and the May Festival Chorus in Cincinnati, Ohio.
In addition to his duties as a conductor, teacher, and singer, Rogers is the first national chair of Diversity Issues for the American Choral Directors Association National Conference, co-artistic director of Portugal’s Lisbon Summer Choral Festival and, in 2010 and 2011, was the artistic director of the Disneyland Hong Kong Winter Choral Festival. He has served as a panelist for the National Endowment of the Arts and currently serves on the boards of the Central Division American Choral Directors Association (Male Chorus R&S Chair), the National Collegiate Choral Organization, and is the ChoralQuest series editor for the American Composers Forum.
Rogers holds the Bachelor of Arts degree in choral music education from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and the Master of Music and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in choral conducting from U-M.
Paulo Vassalo Lourenço, Portugal
Born in Lisbon, Mr. Paulo Lourenço is one of the leading conductors in his country.
Appointed conductor at the Gulbenkian Choir since 2012, he is also the head of the Masters Program in Choral Conducting at the Lisbon’s Superior School of Music. Mr. Lourenço conducts the ESML Chamber Choir and the Symphony Choir. Mr Lourenço as also recently been appointed principal conductor of the Portuguese National Youth Choir.
He was the youngest Conductor of the Portuguese Youth Choir/Jeunesse Musicale (1990-1995), conductor and artistic director of the Ricercare Choir (1995-2002) and Regina Coeli Choir (2007-2010). In 1994, Mr. Lourenço founded the acclaimed Portuguese “a cappella” group “Tetvocal” (11 CD’s recorded including EMI, RCA/Victor, BMG and others) from which he was awarded with several prizes including Radio and TV. In his work at the Gulbenkian Foundation Mr. Lourenço has prepared the major repertoire for such figures as: Gustavo Dudamel (Villa-Lobos Chôro Nº12), Simone Young (Honegger, Jeanne d’Arc au Bucher), Jonathan Nott (Mahler 2nd Symphony), Alain Altinoglu (Debussy, Le martyr the Saint Sebastien), Lawrence Foster (Berlioz, Romeo et Juliette), Joana Carneiro (A. Pinho Vargas, Requiem and Stravinsky, Symphony of Psalms), Paul McCreesh (Haydn, Creation) and many others.
Mr. Lourenço has a doctoral degree in Choral and Orchestral Conducting at the
College/Conservatory of Music – University of Cincinnati (USA). He has been a guest
conductor and clinician in Europe; Israel; Brazil; USA; and, more recently, in Asia where he sat on the panel of adjudicators for the 1st and 2nd Winter Choral Festival held in Hong Kong and, in Singapore, as guest conductor.
Mr. Lourenço dedicates a substantial part of his work in performing contemporary music including more then 100 premieres of Portuguese composers in the last 20 years and the Portuguese premiere of Arvo Pärt’s Passio with the Hilliard Ensemble (Lisbon 1998). Since 2010, Mr. Lourenço is part of the panel of conductors, along with Mr. Peter Phillips and Dr. Owen Rees, of the International Workshop – Évora Cathedral Music School.
He is also the founder and Artistic Director of the Summer Choral Festival that takes place in Lisbon and has become the most importante choral event in Portugal with over 1.000 participants every year. His international career includes appearances in four continents including engagements in Turkey (Turkish State Poliphonic Choir), Spain (Coro de la ORCAM and Coro de la Radio Televison Española), Poland (Filharmonii Wrocławskiej), Mexico, China and USA (University of Michigan 2017).
Lhente Marie-Pitout, South Africa
Lhente-Mari Pitout is a passionate musician and music educator in the rich traditions of the South African choral field. She works as a musician, conductor and adjudicator in both classical and contemporary genres. She regularly travels to Europe and North America to work as choral clinician or adjudicator at National and International Festivals. She has been awarded numerous prizes for her contributions to the arts as a singer and conductor. Apart from conducting UP Youth Choir from 2005, she is also the conductor of the highly prestigious and awarded Pretoria Boys High School Choir and the St Alban’s College Choir and Barbershop. She is the Co-Founder of the South African Youth Music and Arts Development Foundation and the Artistic Director of the MUSIC CO. a group of specialized young solo performers.
She represented South Africa in the World Youth Choir and World Chamber Choir for six years touring and performing in over 15 countries. Working and singing with renowned conductors at a young age from across the globe shaped her into one of the most highly esteemed female educators and choral conductors in South Africa. From a young age this massive influence on her as a young musician, made her realize the importance of working with singers in South Africa through choral music education.
Some of these musicians include Frieder Bernius, Tonu Kaljuste, Kåre Hanken, Robert Sund, María Guinand, André Thomas, Paul Smith, Anton Armstrong, Philippe Eskerei, Peter Erdei, Gary Graden, Steve Zegree, Michelle Weir, Roberto Gini, Peter Deijkstra, Volker Hempfling, Nobuaki Tanaka, Bobby McFerrin.
She serves on numerous boards including the World Youth Choir, and acts as representative of UNESCO, with the title Ambassador of Good Will, World Chamber Choir.
Lhente-Mari is very passionate about the development of the Arts in South Africa, teaching students, singers and artists the expression and realization of dreams and ideas through the performing arts.
Jerry O. Blackstone, University of Michigan
GRAMMY® Award winning conductor Jerry Blackstone is director of Choirs and chair of the Conducting Department at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance where he conducts the Chamber Choir, teaches conducting at the graduate level, and administers a choral program of eleven choirs. In December 2014, the Naxos recording of Milhaud’s monumental L’Orestie d’Eschyle, on which Blackstone served as chorusmaster, was nominated for a 2015 GRAMMY® Award (“Best Opera Recording”). In February 2006, he received two GRAMMY® Awards (“Best Choral Performance” and “Best Classical Album”) as chorusmaster for the critically acclaimed Naxos recording of William Bolcom’s monumental Songs of Innocence and of Experience.
In 2006, the Chamber Choir performed by special invitation at the inaugural convention in San Antonio of the National Collegiate Choral Organization, and in 2003, the Chamber Choir presented three enthusiastically received performances in New York City at the National Convention of the American Choral Directors Association (ACDA). For significant contributions to choral music in the state of Michigan, he received the 2006 Maynard Klein Lifetime Achievement Award from the ACDA-Michigan chapter.
Professor Blackstone is considered one of the country’s leading conducting teachers, and his students have been first place award winners and finalists in both the graduate and undergraduate divisions of the ACDA’s biennial National Choral Conducting Awards competition.
Blackstone has appeared as festival guest conductor and workshop presenter in thirty states as well as New Zealand, Australia, Hong Kong, and Shanghai. 2014-15 appearances include festivals and conference presentations in Australia, New Zealand, China, New York, Florida, Illinois, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Utah, and Michigan.
From 2003-2015, Dr. Blackstone served as conductor and music director of the University Musical Society (UMS) Choral Union, a large community/university chorus that frequently appears with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO) and presents yearly performances of Handel’s Messiah and other major works for chorus and orchestra. In March 2008, he conducted the UMS Choral Union and the DSO in a special performance of the Bach, St. Matthew Passion. Choirs prepared by Blackstone have appeared under the batons of Valery Gergiev, Neeme Järvi, Leonard Slatkin, John Adams, Helmuth Rilling, James Conlon, Nicholas McGegan, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Peter Oundjian, and Yitzak Perlman.
As conductor of the U-M Men’s Glee Club from 1988-2002, professor Blackstone led the ensemble in performances at ACDA national and division conventions and on extensive concert tours throughout Australia, Eastern and Central Europe, Asia, South America, and the United States. The recently released U-M Men’s Glee Club CD, I have had singing, is a retrospective of his tenure as conductor of the ensemble.
Santa Barbara Music Publishing distributes Blackstone’s acclaimed educational video, Working with Male Voices and publishes the Jerry Blackstone Choral Series, a set of choral publications that presents works by several composers in a variety of musical styles.
Prior to coming to the U-M in 1988, professor Blackstone served on the music faculties of Phillips University in Oklahoma, Westmont College in California, and Huntington College in Indiana. He holds degrees from the University of Southern California, Indiana University, and Wheaton College.
Theodore Morrison, University of Michigan
Theodore Morrison began composing at the age of forty-two, more than twenty years after he was well established as a conductor specializing in large works for voices and orchestra, as well as music for chamber orchestra. Over the past three decades he has composed an epic choral symphony and a number of other large works. He has created a substantial body of shorter pieces including an overture for wind ensemble, chamber works for woodwinds and strings, a sonata and a set of variations for organ, several works for chorus and organ, four song cycles, and many smaller choral pieces and songs. His music has been performed throughout North America, Europe, Asia, and New Zealand.
Through his long career as a conductor, Morrison gained an intimate understanding of the voice and the orchestra, preparing him to compose for both beginning in his early forties. He founded the Baltimore Choral Arts Society in 1966 and served as its music director for sixteen years. Under his leadership, BCAS became one of the most respected independent choral/orchestral organizations in the United States. He engaged many of the finest vocal soloists of the time for large oratorio productions. These included John Aler, Helen Boatwright, Elaine Bonazzi, Charles Bressler, Phyllis Bryn-Julson, Lily Chookasian, Donald Gramm, Tom Krause, Leslie Guinn, Sherrill Milnes, John Reardon and Benita Valente. Morrison worked principally with three instrumental ensembles: The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, which he also guest conducted on numerous occasions; The Concerto Soloists of Philadelphia (now The Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia); and the early music ensemble Pro Musica Rara.
Morrison was director of choral music and conductor of the chamber orchestra at Peabody Conservatory of Music of The Johns Hopkins University from 1975-1978, and held a similar post at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts from 1981-1987. As a member of the faculty of The University of Michigan’s School of Music from 1987 to 2005 he served as both director of university choirs and director of graduate studies in conducting. Morrison began his professional career at age nineteen as organist-choirmaster at Baltimore’s Cathedral of the Incarnation, a post he held for ten years.
Hyo Won-Woo, Korea
One of Korea’s most prominent composers, Hyo-won Woo has emerged as a formidable voice in choral music. Her groundbreaking works blend traditional Korean musical elements and Western technique, and include settings of the Latin text, playful spatial music, and arrangements examining wordless human encounters.
Ms. Woo has been composer-in-residence with the Seoul Ladies’ Singers since 1996, and with the Incheon City Chorale, led by Hak-Won Yoon, from 1999-2014. For over twenty years the collaboration between Ms. Woo and Mr. Yoon has forged a new path for choral music in Korea.
Ms. Woo’s works are highly sought after worldwide and have been critically acclaimed at the 2009 ACDA National Conference, Polyfolia in France, and the IFCM choral symposium. Ms. Woo previously taught at the Seoul Theological Seminary and Hansei University. She is currently faculty at the Chorus Center Academy in Seoul and a visiting fellow at University of Michigan. Her works are published by Walton Inc. in the United States and and the Seoul Chorus Center in South Korea.